Auguste HERBIN

" What is important for human improvement is precisely to make visible what has been almost always invisible. This is what the artist proposes who renounces the representation of the object and nothing can distract the viewer any longer. of the effort, he will have to make if he wishes to understand works of pure art. "


A pioneer of cubism with Braque and Picasso at the Bateau Lavoir, Auguste Herbin is also one of the main founders of geometrical abstraction and the “spiritual father” of color. In his works, the artist identifies shapes, with a precise and geometric design that submits color to the outline. He retains the violence and daring of bright color, unlike his neighbors at the Bateau-Lavoir. At Herbin, the subject remains very readable because it does not break down the shapes. He flattens them, geometries them, and simplifies them. During the 1940s, Herbin invented a plastic alphabet: a method of composition based on a repertoire of 26 colors, each corresponding to a letter and geometric shapes, as well as to a sound. For example, the letter "i" is associated with a circle and a triangle, the color orange, and the musical note d. Thus, Herbin's paintings are based on a word that gives the painting its title, according to correspondences between letters, shapes, colors, and musical sounds.