“ The creative act is not performed by the artist alone; the spectator brings the work in contact with the external world by deciphering and interpreting its inner qualifications and thus adds his contribution to the creative act.”
Marcel Duchamp, inventor of the concept of ready-made (or "the ready-made object") is one of the essential figures in the history of art. An atypical artist, this inventor who quickly gave up painting, was marked by Dadaism and surrealism, which prompted him to prioritize the idea over the result. Duchamp cultivates a certain art of derision, even nihilism. Chance and disguise played an active role in his artistic imagination. In the 1920s, Duchamp created for himself an androgynous alter ego, Rose Sélavy, a character who became a work in itself. Marcel Duchamp renews the materials used in art but also shows a taste for complex aesthetic questions that will lead in the 70s to Conceptual Art.